Identifying Language Centers in the Brain
- October 30, 2018
Understanding of language is controlled by Wernicke’s area and Broca’s area is in command of motor functions related to speech. During brain surgeries it is imperative to protect these areas; otherwise, any slight damage to any one of these areas can lead to loss of speech faculty. Hence, it is critical to identify the areas of the brain that play an important role in understanding language before brain surgery.
Ultra-high field MRI (7 Tesla) is the newest technique which enables to recognize and pin-point the exact language centers in the brain. Traditional MRI had its limitations but MRI(Tesla 7) has made it possible to have comprehensive, accurate and well-defined imaging of the areas that are important for understanding language.
Ultra-high field MRI (Tesla) provides the neurosurgeon the required edge and professional skill to correctly identify the areas responsible for language control because it can pick up very weak signals in the brain that never or hardly came under consideration through regular MRI.
The importance of ultra-high field MRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) is better realized by the neurosurgeons knowing well that the language centers can significantly shift in patients suffering from brain injuries and patients with tumors. The shifting of language centers to different areas of the brain is directly related to brain’s flexibility. And any damage to the brain in the process of invasive surgery can deprive a patient from verbal communication.
Thus Ultra-high field MRI(Tesla7) helps to identify highly sensitive areas and better diagnose them prior to invasive surgery.
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