Early Screening Of Breast Cancer Improves Survival

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Mammogram is a low dose x-ray of the breast. Screening mammogram is used to detect the breast cancer in early stages when patient have no signs and symptoms. Screening mammogram involves 2 images of each breast. Mammogram detects calcification in the breast which is usually present in breast cancer. Diagnostic mammogram is used when any palpable lump, nipple discharge and breast pain is present.

How To Detect Breast Cancer In Early Stages

Screening refers to the tests and investigations which are performed to detect cancer or any other disease in those who don’t have any symptoms or signs. The purpose of the screening is to find the cause at its early stage even before the appearance of any symptom. Screening tests play an important role in the treatment of breast cancer in its early stages because prognosis may get worse with time. In most cases, cancer has already spread to the other organs when breast mass becomes detectable.  Screening techniques saves thousands of lives each year due to the early detection and treatment.

American Cancer Society Recommendations For Early Breast Cancer Detection:

  1. According to the American Cancer Society, every women after the age of 40 should go for screening mammogram each year. There are also some chances that breast cancer may go undetectable because of screening limitations.
  2. Breast Self-Examination (BSE) is advised for females starting in their 20s and should consult doctors if any breast changes are found.
  3. High risk patients should get Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with mammogram each year.

Breast Screen Australia Program:

  1. All women having age of 50-74 years are encouraged to have screening mammogram after every 2 years.
  2. All women having age over 75 years with no symptoms should discuss with the doctor whether to have a mammogram or not.

UK Recommendations For Breast Cancer:

  1. Women having age 50-70 years are invited for breast screening after every 3 years.
  2. Women over 70years of age should consult with the doctor.

Investigations After The Detection Of Breast Cancer:

You need following tests for confirmation after the detection of the breast cancer during screening.

  1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  2. Biopsy
  3. Ultrasonogram.
  4. Diagnostic mammogram.

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